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Does anyone want to write a quick essay for AP Eng? All the information is included, no research needed, do not have to site outside websites, only the source your using that are attached to this attachment. Should only take about 30 minutes to write. It is the very first essay in this package. let me know if anyone is interested.

AP® English Language and Composition
2009 Free-Response Questions The College Board
The College Board is a not-for-profit membership association whose mission is to connect students to college success and
opportunity. Founded in 1900, the association is composed of more than 5,600 schools, colleges, universities and other
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Placement Program® (AP®). The College Board is committed to the principles of excellence and equity, and that commitment is
embodied in all of its programs, services, activities and concerns. © 2009 The College Board. All rights reserved. College Board, Advanced Placement Program, AP, AP Central, SAT, and the
acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Board. PSAT/NMSQT is a registered trademark of the College Board and
National Merit Scholarship Corporation.
Permission to use copyrighted College Board materials may be requested online at:
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AP Central is the official online home for the AP Program: apcentral.collegeboard.com. 2009 AP® ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS
ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION
SECTION II
Total time—2 hours Question 1
(Suggested time—40 minutes. This question counts for one-third of the total essay section score.)
Directions: The following prompt is based on the accompanying eight sources.
This question requires you to synthesize a variety of sources into a coherent, well-written essay. When you
synthesize sources, you refer to them to develop your position and cite them accurately. Your argument should
be central; the sources should support the argument. Avoid merely summarizing sources.
Remember to attribute both direct and indirect references.
Introduction
Explorers and tales of explorations tend to capture the human imagination. However, such explorations have
financial and ethical consequences. Space exploration is no exception.
Assignment
Read the following sources (including the introductory information) carefully. Then, in an essay that synthesizes
at least three of the sources, develop a position about what issues should be considered most important in
making decisions about space exploration.
You may refer to the sources by their titles (Source A, Source B, etc.) or by the descriptions in parentheses.
Source A
Source B
Source C
Source D
Source E
Source F
Source G
Source H (Livingston)
(Photo)
(Chamberlain)
(NIH)
(McLean)
(Greenberg)
(Collins)
(Roberts) © 2009 The College Board. All rights reserved.
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-2- 2009 AP® ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS Source A
Livingston, David. “Is Space Exploration Worth the
Cost?” 21 Jan. 2008. The Space Review: Essays
and Commentary About the Final Frontier. 4 March
2008 <https://allaplusessays.com/order
1040/1>. The following is from the Web page of a person dedicated to space travel.
In my opinion, the manned space exploration program is absolutely worth the cost. The money spent on manned
space exploration is spent right here on Earth and most of it is spent in the US. We do not yet have a Bank of the
Milky Way, the First International Bank of Mars, or a Lunar Mutual Savings and Loan. The money that is spent goes
to manufacturing, research and development, salaries, benefits, insurance companies, doctors, teachers, scientists,
students, blue- and white-collar workers, and corporations and businesses both large and small. The money disperses
throughout the economy in the same way as money spent on medical research, building houses, or any other activity
we engage in with government or even private spending.
We have our work cut out for us as we move forward in this new century. We don’t seem to get along well with each
other here on Earth, but we do quite well in space. Space is our model for all nations. Notice how many more nations
are talking about and wanting to get into the manned space act. India, Russia, China, Japan, and the European Space
Agency, for starters, all want a manned mission to the Moon and it won’t stop there. These countries and agencies
know that manned space exploration builds wealth for their nation, solves problems and enhances life for their
people right here on Earth, and shows us the way for how we can all live together in peace.
Manned space exploration is absolutely worth the investment. It’s not just about what we learn out there in space, or
about ourselves, or how to be a better steward of precious Earth. It’s about how we live here on Earth together and
what type of future we want for ourselves and children. Manned space exploration is the path to how we build a
better life for ourselves here on Earth, and how we can give hope and provide inspiration for our youngsters to grow
up, do the schoolwork, and accept the challenges that await them to make our world even better. Whatever we spend
on manned space exploration is a bargain and our investment will be returned to us many times over, both
quantitatively and qualitatively.
The Space Review © 2008 Used by permission of Dr. David Livingston, https://allaplusessays.com/order. © 2009 The College Board. All rights reserved.
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-3- 2009 AP® ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS Source B
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
photo The following photo is taken from the NASA photo archive. Photo Credit: NASA © 2009 The College Board. All rights reserved.
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-4- 2009 AP® ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS Source C
Chamberlain, Andrew. “Pennies of Each Federal
Spending Dollar.” 7 Apr. 2006. The Tax Foundation.
1 March 2008 <https://allaplusessays.com/order
printer/1420.html>.
The following are two visual representations of the same information about how each federal tax dollar is spent. © 2009 The College Board. All rights reserved.
Visit the College Board on the Web: https://allaplusessays.com/order. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE.
-5- 2009 AP® ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS
Pennies of Each Federal Dollar Spent on Various Programs, 2006 Estimate
Function
Amount
Social security
$ 0.21
National defense
$ 0.19
Income security
$ 0.14
Medicare
$ 0.13
Health
$ 0.10
Net interest on debt
$ 0.08
Education, training, employment, and
$ 0.04
social services
Transportation
$ 0.03
Veterans benefits and services
$ 0.03
All others*
$ 0.06
Total
$ 1.00
*Includes community and regional development; administration of justice;
international affairs; natural resources and environment; agriculture; general science;
space and technology; general government; commerce and housing credit; energy; and
undistributed offsetting receipts.
Source: Office of Management and Budget, Analytical Perspectives, Budget of the
United States Government, Fiscal Year 2007 (available at https://allaplusessays.com/order
omb/budget/fy2007/); Tax Foundation calculations. © 2009 The College Board. All rights reserved.
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-6- 2009 AP® ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS Source D
National Institutes of Health. 26 Feb. 2008
<https://allaplusessays.com/order;. The following is a description of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), a government-funded agency whose
mission is to improve health.
The Nation’s Medical Research Agency
The National Institutes of Health (NIH), a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is the primary
Federal agency for conducting and supporting medical research. Helping to lead the way toward important medical
discoveries that improve people’s health and save lives, NIH scientists investigate ways to prevent disease as well as
the causes, treatments, and even cures for common and rare diseases. Composed of 27 Institutes and Centers, the
NIH provides leadership and financial support to researchers in every state and throughout the world. . . .
In the past several decades, NIH-supported research, and its national programs to communicate the results of
research, played a major role in achievements such as:
•
•
•
•
•
• Death rates from heart disease and stroke fell by 40% and 51%, respectively, between 1975 and 2000.
The overall five-year survival rate for childhood cancers rose to nearly 80% during the 1990s from under
60% in the 1970s.
The number of AIDS-related deaths fell by about 70% between 1995 and 2001.
Sudden infant death syndrome rates fell by more than 50% between 1994 and 2000.
Infectious diseases—such as rubella, whooping cough, and pneumococcal pneumonia—that once killed and
disabled millions of people are now prevented by vaccines.
Quality of life for 19 million Americans suffering with depression has improved as a result of more effective
medication and psychotherapy. © 2009 The College Board. All rights reserved.
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-7- 2009 AP® ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS Source E
McLean, Margaret R. “To Boldly Go: Ethical
Considerations for Space Exploration.” Feb. 2006.
Markkula Center for Applied Ethics. 29 Feb. 2008
<https://allaplusessays.com/order
ethicalperspectives/space-exploration.html>. The following excerpt appeared on the Web page of a group dedicated to ethics.
In the budget unveiled on Monday, almost $17 billion will fly into NASA’s coffers with around $5.3 billion
dedicated to space exploration. The Crew Exploration Vehicle and Launch Vehicles will be built; new spacecraft on
their way to the moon and Mars will be whizzing overhead by 2014. NASA chief Michael Griffin claimed that this
new budget would set the stage for “the expansion of human presence into the solar system.”
But before we think about exploring—and potentially exploiting— “the final frontier,” we would do well to
remember that we do not have a very good track record in protecting our planet home. We have expanded human
presence into pristine forests resulting in the disruption of migratory routes, soil erosion, and species extinction.
What can be learned from our presence on Earth about the potential impact of our forays into the outer reaches of
the solar system?
We are the only earthly creatures with the capacity to extend our influence beyond the 4 corners of the globe. This
puts on us the responsibility to acknowledge that, despite the depths of space, it is not so limitless as to be able to
weather mistreatment or suffer every demand we may place on it.
One way to think about expanding our presence in the solar system is through the lens of stewardship. Stewardship
envisions humans not as owners of the solar system but as responsible managers of its wonder and beauty.
Stewardship holds us accountable for a prudent use of space resources. Such responsibility may support exploration
of the final frontier, but at the same time it warns against exploitation of its resources. We must account for our urges
and actions in terms of their impact on others, the universe, and the future.
As we boldly plan to extend ourselves to places where no one has gone before, we would do well to consider the
following principles:
1. Space preservation requires that the solar system be valued for its own sake, not on the basis of what it can do
for us.
2. Space conservation insists that extraterrestrial resources ought not to be exploited to benefit the few at the
expense of the many or of the solar system itself.
3. Space sustainability asks that our explorations “do no harm” and that we leave the moon, Mars, and space itself
no worse—and perhaps better— than we found them.
As we expand human presence into the solar system, we ought not to park ethical considerations next to the
launching pad. We must take our best ethical thinking with us as we cross the frontier of space exploration.
© Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University © 2009 The College Board. All rights reserved.
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-8- 2009 AP® ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS Source F
Greenberg, Richard, and B. Randall Tufts. “Infecting
Other Worlds.” American Scientist Jul.-Aug. 2001.
24 Feb. 2008 <https://allaplusessays.com/order
issues/num2/2001/7/infecting-other-worlds/1>. The following is excerpted from an article about spreading infection via space.
Because extraterrestrial life may exist, planetary exploration could bring trouble if people are not careful enough.
This danger was recognized decades ago, when astronauts ventured to the Moon. When the crews returned, they
were quarantined to prevent “back contamination,” the hazard that some infectious extraterrestrial germ might be
riding with them. The safety procedures were largely symbolic: After all, who knew the incubation period for some
hypothetical other-worldly microbe? Whether the hardware and samples returned needed sterilization was also
largely a matter of speculation. Subsequent planetary exploration has not involved astronauts, nor have samples or
hardware been returned, so back contamination has not been an issue. But forward contamination— that is, the
infection of alien ecosystems by terrestrial organisms hitchhiking on a spacecraft—is a distinct possibility.
American Scientist, magazine of Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society. © 2009 The College Board. All rights reserved.
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-9- 2009 AP® ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS Source G
Collins, Michael. Carrying the Fire: An Astronaut’s
Journeys. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux,
1974. The following is excerpted from a book written by one of the first astronauts in space.
I really believe that if the political leaders of the world could see their planet from a distance of, let’s say,
100,000 miles, their outlook would be fundamentally changed. That all-important border would be invisible,
that noisy argument suddenly silenced. The tiny globe would continue to turn, serenely ignoring its subdivisions,
presenting a unified façade that would cry out for unified understanding, for homogeneous treatment. The earth must
become as it appears: blue and white, not capitalist or Communist; blue and white, not rich or poor; blue and white,
not envious or envied. I am not a naïve man. I don’t believe that a glance from 100,000 miles out would cause a
Prime Minister to scurry back to his parliament with a disarmament plan, but I do think it would plant a seed that
ultimately could grow into such concrete action. Just because borders are invisible from space doesn’t mean that
they’re not real— they are, and I like them. . . . What I am saying, however, is that all countries must begin thinking
of solutions to their problems which benefit the entire globe, not simply their own national interests. The smoke
from the Saar Valley may pollute half a dozen other countries, depending on the direction of the wind. We all know
that, but it must be seen to make an indelible impression, to produce an emotional impact that makes one argue for
long-term virtues at the expense of short-term gains. I think the view from 100,000 miles could be invaluable in
getting people together to work out joint solutions, by causing them to realize that the planet we share unites us in a
way far more basic and far more important than differences in skin color or religion or economic system. The pity of
it is that so far the view from 100,000 miles has been the exclusive property of a handful of test pilots, rather than the
world leaders who need this new perspective, or the poets who might communicate it to them. © 2009 The College Board. All rights reserved.
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-10- 2009 AP® ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS Source H
Roberts, Russell. “Funding Space Travel.” Morning
Edition. 26 Jan. 2004. National Public Radio.
Transcript. 19 Feb. 2008
<https://allaplusessays.com/order
PolicySpace.html>. The following excerpt is the text of an oral commentary aired on the radio.
I own a telescope.
I own a lot of books on the nighttime sky and cosmology and the big bang.
I get goose bumps when I see a picture of the earth from space.
The Imax space movies bring tears to my eyes.
But I get no thrill from the Bush plan to put Americans on Mars.
As much as I like space and the idea of people on Mars, I don’t see the case for using taxpayer money to get it done.
Don’t tell me about all the spin-off technologies . . . . Leave the money here on earth.
By permission of Professor Russell Roberts. © 2009 The College Board. All rights reserved.
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-11- 2009 AP® ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS
Question 2
(Suggested time—40 minutes. This question counts for one-third of the total essay section score.)
The two passages below, both written by noted contemporary scientist Edward O. Wilson, appear in Wilson’s book
The Future of Life (2002). In the passages, Wilson satirizes the language of two groups that hold opposing attitudes
about environmentalism. Read each passage carefully. Then write an essay in which you analyze how Wilson’s
satire illustrates the unproductive nature of such discussions. Line
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 THE PEOPLE-FIRST CRITIC STEREOTYPES THE
ENVIRONMENTALISTS THE ENVIRONMENTALIST STEREOTYPES THE
PEOPLE-FIRST CRITICS Environmentalists or conservationists is what they
usually call themselves. Depending on how angry we
are, we call them greens, enviros, environmental
extremists, or environmental wackos. Mark my word,
conservation pushed by these people always goes too
far, because it is an instrument for gaining political
power. The wackos have a broad and mostly hidden
agenda that always comes from the left, usually far
left. How to get power? is what they’re thinking.
Their aim is to expand government, especially the
federal government. They want environmental laws
and regulatory surveillance to create governmentsupported jobs for their kind of bureaucrats, lawyers,
and consultants. The New Class, these professionals
have been called. What’s at stake as they busy
themselves are your tax dollars and mine, and
ultimately our freedom too. Relax your guard when
these people are in power and your property rights go
down the tube. Some Bennington College student
with a summer job will find an endangered red spider
on your property, and before you know what
happened the Endangered Species Act will be used to
shut you down. Can’t sell to a developer, can’t even
harvest your woodlot. Business investors can’t get at
the oil and gas on federal lands this country badly
needs. Mind you, I’m all for the environment, and
I agree that species extinction is a bad thing, but
conservation should be kept in perspective. It is best
put in private hands. Property owners know what’s
good for their own land. They care about the plants
and animals living there. Let them work out
conservation. They are the real grass roots in this
country. Let them be the stewards and handle
conservation. A strong, growing free-market
economy, not creeping socialism, is what’s best for
America—and it’s best for the environment too. “Critics” of the environmental movement? That may
be what they call themselves, but we know them more
accurately as anti-environmentalists and brown
lashers or, more locally out west, wise users (their
own term, not intended to be ironic) and sagebrush
rebels. In claiming concern of any kind for the natural
environment, these people are the worst bunch of
hypocrites you’ll ever not want to find. What they are
really after, especially the corporate heads and bigtime landowners, is unrestrained capitalism with land
development über alles.* They keep their right-wing
political agenda mostly hidden when downgrading
climate change and species extinction, but for them
economic growth is always the ultimate, and maybe
the only, good. Their idea of conservation is stocking
trout streams and planting trees around golf courses.
Their conception of the public trust is a strong
military establishment and subsidies for loggers
and ranchers. The anti-environmentalists would be
laughed out of court if they weren’t tied so closely to
the corporate power structure. And notice how rarely
international policy makers pay attention to the
environment. At the big conferences of the World
Trade Organization and other such gatherings of the
rich and powerful, conservation almost never gets so
much as a hearing. The only recourse we have is to
protest at their meetings. We hope to attract the
attention of the media and at least get our unelected
rulers to look out the window. In America the rightwingers have made the word “conservative” a
mockery. What exactly are they trying to conserve?
Their own selfish interests, for sure, not the natural
environment. 40 45 50 55 60 65 * German for “above everything else” © 2009 The College Board. All rights reserved.
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-12- 2009 AP® ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS
Question 3
(Suggested time—40 minutes. This question counts for one-third of the total essay section score.)
Adversity has the effect of eliciting talents which in prosperous circumstances would have lain dormant.
—Horace
Consider this quotation about adversity from the Roman poet Horace. Then write an essay that defends, challenges,
or qualifies Horace’s assertion about the role that adversity (financial or political hardship, danger, misfortune, etc.)
plays in developing a person’s character. Support your argument with appropriate evidence from your reading,
observation, or experience. STOP
END OF EXAM © 2009 The College Board. All rights reserved.
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